North Dakota Banner Banner - visit
North Dakota Legendary - visit

Shrub and Tree Planting Cost Share Program

Printer-friendly versionPrinter-friendly version

Return to PLOTS for Landowners


The Game and Fish Department Shrub/Tree Planting Cost-Share program offers cost-share funds to landowners as an incentive for establishing wildlife shrub/tree plantings on private land.

General Program Guidelines

Below are the guidelines and specifications for the Department’s shrub/tree planting program. Deviations from these specifications and standards need further Department approval before planting occurs.

  • Requires 6-10 year access to the tree planting and associated or detached legal subdivisions (80 acres or more)
  • 10 row minimum (recommended minimum length of 400 feet).
  • Must follow NDGFD approved tree species list.
  • Must Follow NDGFD shrub/tree standards and specifications.
  • Preference given to those offers in priority areas.

Landowner Payment Rates

  • Cost- shares, from all sources, are not to exceed 100 percent on tree and shrub plantings.
  • 50 percent cost-share on weed barrier.
  • Practice incentive payment: (one time up-front) $100/planted acre.
  • 6 year option only receives up to 50 percent cost-share on trees and no cost-share on weed barrier.
  • There is no practice incentive payment in the 6 year option.

NDGFD Shrub/Tree Planting Standards and Specifications

Requires 6-10 year access agreement to planting and associated 80 acres preferred.

  • The planting must create the following 3 to 4 zones.
    • Zone 1: Wind/snow barrier
      • must make up 20-25 percent of the planting area
      • must be at least 75-100 feet wide
      • must contain 70-80 percent conifer (or equivalent) with the remainder to include at least one type or a combination of suckering shrubs
    • Zone 2: Snow trap area
      • must be at least 50–100 feet wide
      • could consist of herbaceous cover, snowberry, or rose
    • Zone 3: Loafing and wintering thicket
      • must make up 65-75 percent of the planting area
      • must be located at least 50-100 feet south or east of the leeside of Zone 1 (allowing for a snow trap area)
      • must contain at least 7 shrub species
    • Zone 4: Backside protection optional (not required but plantings including this will receive preference).
      • will make up 10 percent of the planting area
      • will be at least 50 feet wide
      • will contain 70-80 percent Rocky Mountain juniper (or equivalent) with the remainder to include at least one or a combination of suckering shrubs
  • All trees/shrubs species planted must come from the Department’s approved tree/shrub list or have prior approval from a Department private lands biologist
  • Planting shall be ¼ mile from farmsteads or feedlots.
  • No more than 30 percent of rows shall consist of tall deciduous tree species.
  • At least the 3 leeward rows shall consist of suckering shrubs, juniper, or spruce.
  • Spacing between rows must be 10-24 feet.
  • Spacing between trees: Shrubs, maximum of 6 feet. Conifers, 10-12 feet. Deciduous trees, 10-16 feet.
  • Arrangement can be in any shape necessary to conform to the topography or natural terrain. Plantings without straight edges are preferred.
  • Tall trees will be avoided within 300 feet of a wetland.
  • Tree plantings will not be cost-shared if located within 150 feet of native and noncropland grass blocks of 20 acres or more.

Approved species:

Shrubs Small Trees Medium or Tall Tree Conifers
Buffaloberry Chokecherry Ash, Green Juniper, Rocky Mountain
Caragana Crabapple Aspen, Quaking Pine, Ponderosa
Dogwood, Redoiser Hawthorn, Arnold Boxelder Pine, Scotch
Indigo, False Amur Maple Hackberry Spruce, Black Hills
Juneberry   Oak, Bur Spruce, Colorado (Blue)
Lilac, Common   Willow, Golden Eastern Red Cedar
Lilac, Late   Willow, Laura  
Plum, American   Willow, Redstem  
Rose, Hansen Hedge   Willow, White  
Silverberry   Willow, Bebbs  
Sumac, Fragrant   Willow, Peachleaf  
Viburnum, Nannyberry      
Willow, Sandbar      
Nanking Cherry