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Leptospirosis

Return to Other Wildlife Diseases

 

Cation

Commonly infected wildlife

Rodent

Raccoon

Deer

Beaver

 

Is this animal infected?

  • Infection is considered uncommon
  • Most infected animals have no symptoms

Leptospirosis

Can I get it?

Yes

  • Contact with:
    • Urine or tissues of infected animals
    • Water, soil or vegetation contaminated by infected urine
  • Consumption of:
    • Food or drinking water contaminated by infected urine

How bad can it get?


Can be fatal if not treated immediately

Protect myself and others

  • When handling rodents (including beavers) and raccoons:
    • Wear disposable gloves
    • Wash your hands afterward
  • Clean cuts or wounds with soap and warm water
  • Wear boots when wading in water

Wear Gloves

Wash Hands

 

Symptoms in humans

  • Most people will not have symptoms
  • If symptoms do occur, they can include:
    • High fever, severe headache, chills, muscle aches and vomiting
  • Other symptoms can include:
    • Jaundice (yellow skin and eyes)
    • Red eyes
    • Abdominal pain, diarrhea, rash
  • If untreated, symptoms can include:
    • Kidney damage, liver failure, breathing problems, headache, stiff neck
  • Fatalities are rare

Safe for pets?

Not safe for pets

No

  • In severe cases, pets can die from leptospirosis
  • Pets can also transfer the bacteria to humans
  • Talk to your veterinarian about vaccines
 

What causes it?

  • Bacteria called Leptospira