North Dakota Banner

ND.gov Banner - visit nd.gov
North Dakota Legendary - visit ndtourism.gov

Tularemia

Return to Other Wildlife Diseases

 

Caution

Commonly infected wildlife

Ticks

Beaver

Muskrat

Hares and Rabbits

 

Is this animal infected?

  • Affected animals may outwardly appear in good body condition, yet are sick or near death
  • An enlarged liver or spleen is common
  • Tiny pale spots and thin white strands of material may be seen on organs

Tularemia

Can I get it?

Yes

  • Bites or scratches from infected wildlife
  • Contact with meat, water, feces, urine or body parts of infected animals
  • Breathing in dust from pelts and paws
  • Can penetrate intact skin

How bad can it get?

Danger
Fever-like symptoms; early treatment reduces severity

Protect myself and others

  • Take precautions, avoid tick bites!
    • Wear long-sleeved clothing
    • Use insect repellents
    • Inspect yourself for, and remove, all ticks
  • Handle animals found dead near human water sources with caution and report to The North Dakota Game and Fish Department
  • When handling, dressing or skinning any wild animal:
    • Wear disposable gloves
    • Wash hands well afterward
  • Cook beaver, hare and rabbit meat before eating it

Wear Gloves

Wash Hands

 

Symptoms in humans

  • Symptoms appear up to 14 days after infection:
    • Fever, headache, chills, muscle pain
    • Swollen, painful lymph nodes
    • Ulcer at site of tick bite or animal contact
  • Other symptoms can occur but are rare
  • Seek medical attention - CAN BE FATAL

Safe for pets?

Not safe for pets

Not Raw - Dogs and cats can die from tularemia

 

What causes it?

  • Bacteria called Francisella tularensis