Wetland Occupancy by Shorebirds in Wind Energy Developments in the Prairie Pothole Region of North Dakota (SWG T2-2-R)


To address whether recent wind development has had a negative effect on wetland use by shorebirds, we conducted a three-year study to estimate wetland-level probability of presence and detection of marbled godwit (Limosa fedoa), willet (Tringa semipalmata), and Wilson’s phalarope (Phalaropus tricolor) on sites with and without wind development in the Prairie Pothole Region (PPR) of North and South Dakota.

Authors and Contributors

Scott Stephens and Johann Walker, Ducks Unlimited

Research Category

Target Species

Marbled Godwit, Wilson’s Phalarope, Willet

Approximate Completion Date




SWG shorebirds wind energy windmill prairie pothole
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