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North Dakota Game Species
Fact Sheet
Scientific Name Canis latrans
Description Coyotes are lanky canines with long legs, pointed nose and ears, and a bushy tail. They have long, grizzled fur ranging from pale gray, dark gray or reddish. Their fur is generally darker on back and sides, with a pale chin, throat and belly, and a blacktipped tail.
Tracks Track Front–2-1/2" L, 2" W Rear– 2" L,1-1/2" W Walking stride: 13-1/2" - 17"
Total Length 55-69 inches
Weight 15-40 pounds
Habitat Coyotes are found throughout North Dakota including open prairies, brushy grasslands, broken forests and agriculturally dominated habitats. Coyotes also are regularly found in urban and suburban environments.
Breeding Season January-March
Gestation Period 58-65 days (average 63)
Litter Size 2-12 (average 6)
Social Aspects Coyotes often form pair bonds and in some cases family groups made up of litters from multiple years.
Status Coyotes are abundant throughout the state and have a year-round open season.
Food Habits Coyotes are omnivorous, consuming prey such as rabbits and other small rodents, deer and livestock, and vegetation such as fruits, berries and nuts.
Fun Facts These highly resilient and adaptable canines were nearly absent from the state during the mid-1900s due to widespread use of poisons and aerial hunting. Since then, coyote numbers have rebounded, and they are currently one of the most abundant and commonly harvested furbearer in North Dakota.