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Diseased animal

Can I still use the animal Yes - take safety precautions
Commonly infected wildlife Rodents, Raccoons, Deer, Beavers
Is this animal infected
  • Infection is considered uncommon
  • Most infected animals have no symptoms
Can I get it Yes
  • Contact with:
    • Urine or tissues of infected animals
    • Water, soil or vegetation contaminated by infected urine
  • Consumption of:
    • Food or drinking water contaminated by infected urine
How bad can it get

Risk - Danger

Can be fatal if not treated immediately

How can I protect myself and others
  • When handling rodents (including beavers) and raccoons:
    • Wear disposable gloves
    • Wash your hands afterward
  • Clean cuts or wounds with soap and warm water
  • Wear boots when wading in water
Symptoms in humans
  • Most people will not have symptoms
  • If symptoms do occur, they can include:
    • High fever, severe headache, chills, muscle aches and vomiting
  • Other symptoms can include:
    • Jaundice (yellow skin and eyes)
    • Red eyes
    • Abdominal pain, diarrhea, rash
  • If untreated, symptoms can include:
    • Kidney damage, liver failure, breathing problems, headache, stiff neck
  • Fatalities are rare
Is it safe for pets


  • In severe cases, pets can die from leptospirosis
  • Pets can also transfer the bacteria to humans
  • Talk to your veterinarian about vaccines
What causes it
  • Bacteria called Leptospira