White-tail deer

Where Wildlife Diseases and Humans Meet

Wildlife 🡒 Human Disease Transfer and Prevention

Human Activities and Wildlife Disease

Zoonotic Diseases

(Diseases that can be transmitted from animals to people)

Symbol Legend
Disease Wildlife Affected *Known to Infect Humans Known to Infect Pets
Anthrax Bison, Cervids Yes Yes
Avian Influenza Ducks, Geese, Birds Yes Yes
Black Spot Fish No No
Chronic Wasting Disease Cervid Unknown Yes
Diphyllobothriasis Fish Yes Yes
EHD Deer, Bighorn Sheep, Elk, Pronghorns No No
Fish Roundworm Fish Yes Yes
Giant Liver Fluke Cervids, Moose, Elk No No
Hydatid Disease Canines, Cervids Yes Yes
Leptospirosis Rodents, Raccoons, Deer, Beavers Yes Yes
Lymphocystis Fish No No
Moose Measles Cervids, Canines, Bears, Mountain Lions, Bighorn Sheep No Yes
Orf Bighorn Sheep, Goats Yes No
Papillomas Cervids, Any Mammal No No
Plague Fleas, Rodents, Squirrels, Bobcats/Lynx, Mink/Martens, Prairie Dogs Yes Yes
Rabies Bats, Any Mammal Yes Yes
Raccoon Roundworm Raccoons, Any Mammal Yes Yes
Ringworm Any Mammal Yes Yes
Sandy Flesh Fish No Yes
Sarcocystis Ducks, Geese, Birds No Yes
Sarcoptic Mange Canines, Any Mammal Yes Yes
Seroma Any Mammal No No
Trichinosis Bears, Mountain Lions Yes Yes
Trichodectes Coyotes No Yes
Tuberculosis Cattle, Bison, Cervids, Birds Yes Yes
Tularemia Ticks, Beavers, Muskrats, Hare Rabbits Yes Yes

*Because there is no evidence currently that a disease can infect humans is not a guarantee of safety. Always follow proper game handling and cooking procedures.

Printable Diseases of North Dakota Fish and Wildlife Brochure