Tuberculosis

Caution

Commonly infected wildlife

CattleBisonCervidsBirds

Is this animal infected?

  • This is a rare, slowly progressing disease
  • Infected animals may have no signs or be in poor body condition
  • Small, multiple, round, gritty lumps in lymph nodes and on lungs and rib cage are typical
Tuberculosis

Can I get it?

Yes

  • Inhaling bacteria from open wounds, fluids from the mouth and nose, or feces of an infected animal
  • Directly through breaks in the skin (rare)

How bad can it get?

danger

Gets worse with time; fatal if untreated

Protect myself and others

  • If you see multiple pale (tan or yellow) rounded lumps on lungs, rib cage or internal organs in bison or cervids:
  • STOP HANDLING THE ANIMAL
    • Wash your hands
    • Wear a proper filter mask
    • Contact The North Dakota Game and Fish Department, or State Department of Health
Wear a MaskWash Hands

Symptoms in humans

  • Depending on where lesions are located:
    • Lungs – Prolonged illness with fever, cough, night sweats, weight loss; Occasionally will cough up blood
    • Intestines – Stomach pain, diarrhea
  • Symptoms get worse with time
  • Untreated disease can be FATAL, seek medical attention
  • Immunosuppressed people are at a higher risk

Safe for pets?

No

Not safe for pets

What causes it?

  • Bacteria called Mycobacterium bovis in cattle, elk and deer and Mycobacterium avium in birds